National Conference on "CONTRIBUTION OF MATHEMATICS IN TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT"

 

Objective

The academic lineage of most eminent scholars can be traced to famous centres of learning, inspiring or an intellectual milieu, but Srinivasa Ramanujan, perhaps the greatest of Indian Mathematicians, had none of these advantages. He had just one year of education in a small college; he was basically self taught. Born in a small village about 400 km. southwest of Madras, he lived only for 32 years but made substantial contributions in the field of Mathematics and it is needless to say that every academician in this world knows about him.

To honour the achievements of Ramanujan, which were mostly acknowledged after his death, our Institute aimed to bring together researchers of leading Institutes of NCR region, who have sizable contribution in Applied Mathematics, through this one day conference.

One of the cherished age old mission of Mathematics has been the unification of all Sciences and Technology. For long, the role of Mathematics, which is regarded as the mother of all Sciences, was limited to purely academic domain and mathematicians found their inspiration in exact science. However, the technological and industrial revolution witnessed by the society during the last century has shown that the role of Mathematics is not restricted to purely academic domain. Mathematics now has entered the domain of Technology and Industry and mathematicians have started to bother about their role in society and particularly, in industry. This was beginning of an era where Mathematics and Technology became indissolubly connected.

The increasing demand of maximum output of industrial research and development is based on Mathematical methods. These methods involve the relatively new fields in Mathematics e.g. Operation Research, Control theory, Signal Processing and cryptography. The high technology celebrated today is essentially a mathematical technology, which has given birth to a new discipline “Industrial Mathematics”. Industrial Mathematics is not inspired but driven by problems from industry. Its results are feasible solutions of industrial problems by development of algorithms and simulations. “No industry can grow without the technology based on extensive use of mathematical methods”, is a known fact but only from last twenty years, more number of conferences and symposiums have been organized to express the symbiotic relationship between Mathematics and Industry. The only reason is that the modern computers allow the evaluation of realistic mathematical models in a better way. Those in industry, who almost daily use certain software to simulate a process or the behaviour of the product, sometimes forget that “Mathematics is the core of any computer simulation”. This is a great disadvantage for them, since they may forget the limitations of their tool and a disadvantage of mathematicians, since their key role comes out of view. The basic theme of the conference is to discuss various aspects of the role of Mathematics in technological development and industrial growth. Industry provides a rich source of interesting mathematical problems, with the mathematics required to solve these problems often of high quality and very interesting in its own right, while the work of mathematician can be a significant contribution to the understanding of an industrial problem.

Topics Discussed

Some of the major topics discussed in the conference are:

i) Industrial Mathematics and Operational Management

ii) Mathematical Modelling and Fluid Dynamics

iii) Stochastic Process, Coding Theory and Mathematical Logic

iv) Parallel Computing, Artificial Intelligence and Combinatorial Mathematics

Future Outcome

Last century witnessed the revolution both in the field of technology and industry, the impact of which on our society is increasing with a strong belief that without Mathematics our society is lost. This conference was expected to provide a platform for the scholars of various institutes to give a presentation of their work in front of academicians from leading institutes of Delhi. We also propose to conduct such seminars again in the near future. This surely will promote more research work in the field of ‘Mathematics and its role in technological development’. The post seminar discussions on the topics would encourage the audience to incorporate mathematical techniques, which are important tools for solving their problems in a much efficient way.

This conference provides a platform for the scholars of various institutes to give a presentation of their work in front of academicians from leading institutes of Delhi. It helps in increasing the interest in interdisciplinary mathematics for connecting mathematics with other disciplines and to connect mathematics to real-world phenomena. Such type of conferences provides not only a fertile domain for application of advanced mathematics, but also employment for a significant community of highly trained mathematical scientists and force the mathematicians to examine the roles of mathematics outside academia. This conference provides impressions, anecdotes, and extended interchanges about the nature of applied mathematics and what it means to be a nonacademic mathematician.

At the last, the papers called for conference aim to bridge the gap between academia and industry by presenting mathematical methods relevant to industry in its broadest sense, ranging from manufacturing to finance, telecommunications to biotechnology, and describing industrial problems of interest to mathematicians.